An individual should be an author on the study if they have made a significant contribution to the research, helped with the writing of the paper (or abstract), and have given their approval on the final product. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors has a clear definition of what a significant contribution entails.
Yes, UIC has some funding opportunities. The current ones are shown here, and it is a good idea to check back for updates. Additionally, the Center for Clinical and Translational Science awards pilot grants to help researchers gather pilot data to help apply for larger awards.